Chemical elements
    Chemical properties
    Physical properties
    PDB 117e-1cs0
    PDB 1cvn-1fbg
    PDB 1fe1-1gz9
    PDB 1gzc-1j53
    PDB 1j54-1kx3
    PDB 1kx4-1mav
    PDB 1mb0-1nvm
    PDB 1nxd-1pj2
    PDB 1pj3-1r8b
    PDB 1r8c-1tc2
    PDB 1tei-1vby
    PDB 1vew-1xid
    PDB 1xie-1za0
    PDB 1zao-2ah9
    PDB 2akw-2brl
    PDB 2bvl-2dvb
    PDB 2dvd-2g38
    PDB 2g4i-2ify
    PDB 2iie-2mnr
    PDB 2muc-2p9a
    PDB 2pal-2r21
    PDB 2r22-2vqr
    PDB 2vs3-2z87
    PDB 2zad-3bso
    PDB 3bu0-3e7b
    PDB 3e8q-3g82
    PDB 3gbc-3ilm
    PDB 3ioi-3lp0
    PDB 3lp1-3n25
    PDB 3n37-3pvb
    PDB 3py5-3tmy
    PDB 3twz-4e5f
    PDB 4e5g-8icv
    PDB 8icw-9xim

Manganese Applications


Manganese is very important component of many iron containing alloys, especially steel. Manganese is the main additional component of stainless steel alloys. For many alloys it is impossible to substitute manganese by other compounds. Sometimes manganese (less than 10% of Mn) alloys are used for coins production, for example for modern 1 and 2 Euro coins and in modern American dollar coins. This alloy is used in order to match the electrical properties of older coins used in wending machines. Manganese-aluminium-antimony-copper alloys are highly ferromagnetic.

Manganese is used as a component of lithium primary batteries as a Lithium Manganese Dioxide. Due to high stability of this compound, these batteries can be stored for many years with loosing of about 0.5% of stored energy annually.

Manganese ions with different oxidation state are very colourful and can be used for glass colouring. Many manganese-oxygen compounds are quite strong oxidizing agents and widely used in organic chemistry.

In living organisms manganese with oxidation state +2 is involved into many enzymatic reactions. Other oxidation states of manganese are very toxic, which is used in medicine.

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